Freedom for Ocalan – Peace in Kurdistan
P.O. Box 100511, D-50445 Koeln
Telephone: +49 221 130 15 59
Fax: +49 221 790 76 10 30
Cologne, 15 February 2010
Öcalan ante portas or The Weapon of Dialogue
Statement of the International Initiative in relation to the 12th anniversary of the illegal abduction of Abdullah Öcalan on 15 February 1999
Who would have thought, in the eventful days that followed 15 February 1999 when the Kurdish leader Abdullah Ocalan was abducted from Kenya and taken to Turkey – with decisive contributions from CIA, MIT and MOSSAD as well as support from Russia, Greece and other European states – in violation of international law, that one day a Turkish prime minister like Recep Tayyip Erdogan would see himself forced to confirm that state authorities are conducting serious talks with “public enemy no. 1” about the settlement of the decades-old Turkish-Kurdish conflict.
Öcalan ante portas! – The unity of the Turkish state is in danger, they said again and again, the authorities in Ankara left nothing unattempted to politically silence Abdullah Öcalan. Aggravated isolation conditions, repression against his lawyers or attacks on his physical integrity – despite all efforts of the state the internal perception unavoidably prevailed that, if at all, a solution is only possible with Öcalan and not against him. The Kurdish leader is not guiltless of that. He focussed on a settlement instead of confrontation; he persistently demanded dialogue. His vision of a solution to the Kurdish issue inside the established territorial borders of Turkey, by means of a radical democratic restructuring of the country, is not only attractive for Kurds.
As yet, nothing substantial from the talks has reached the public. But the positions of both sides are obvious. For the Turkish side, the challenge is to get the Kurdish guerilla out of the mountains without really offering anything. Kurdish aspirations for emancipation should, if anything, be satisfied within a framework of individual rights. Demands for autonomy or further linguistic rights are rebuffed. The Kurdish side on the other hand regards a comprehensive change of the constitution which guarantees the cultural, linguistic and political rights of the Kurds, as the only assurance of a lasting solution. The reconciliation of the society should succeed through the establishment of human rights violations and war crimes with the help of truth commissions – similar to those in South Africa.
Obviously the positions of the conflicting parties are still very wide apart. But the taboo is broken – enemies became opponents which more or less prefer the word. The yearlong unilateral ceasefire of the Kurdish guerilla accompanies the process of rapprochement.
Meanwhile, the role of the Islamic-conservative Party for Justice and Development (AKP) remains ambiguous. It does not seem to be interested in a real solution to the conflict. Of its much praised “Kurdish opening” little more remained than waste paper. But also in every other political issue it strives for an expansion of its power instead of making efforts for sustainable solutions. Its more and more autocratic governing style does not bode well for the future.
Still the human rights situation is disastrous, systematic torture widespread and extra-judicial killings in the Kurdish areas an established means of state repression. Again and again the police uses massive force – be it against trade unions, societal minorities or oppositional efforts - on the streets. Turkey manages to even leave Russia behind – for the time being no other country is convicted so often by the European Court for Human Rights in Strasbourg.
While in Turkey discontent about Erdogan's autocratic style spreads, the western states pay court to him and his AKP. Startled by the Arabic awakening and the twilight of the dictators in the Arabic states, they praise Turkey as an exemplary alternative model for the compatibility of Islam and democracy. It makes no difference if that is conclusive with the reality in Turkey and the region. Human rights violations are relativised, the Kurdish issue not even mentioned and a prosperous economical growth praised while keeping silent about yearly multi-billion-dollar credits of the IMF. Trapped in a strategical wishful thinking, the western states try to replace one evil with another. The conservative religious forces in Turkey that eye the Iranian social order are delighted.
The targeted process of democratic change in Turkey, accompanied by civil-society initiatives, can only hope for little substantial foreign support. The same is valid for the Kurdish issue. Therefore a solution is only possible within Turkey.
The AKP's attitude in this issue is obviously determined by delaying tactics. The silence of the weapons until the parliamentary elections in June 2011 suits it just fine, possible steps are postponed until after the elections. In contrast, Abdullah Öcalan raised the pressure: Without the establishing of a truth commission in Turkey's national assembly he sees himself unable to play his role as a mediator between the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) and the Turkish state.
A possible peace process, however, requires his constructive impact, therefore he needs more room for manoeuvre.
It is for this reason that the International Initiative “Freedom for Abdullah Öcalan – Peace in Kurdistan” supports the demand for the transformation of the isolation imprisonment into a house arrest in which he will be able to participate more in the political process. The chance for peace must not be wasted – it needs the support of all forces that advocate a comprehensive democratic change in Turkey and the region. The dialogue has to continue – the only weapon that is constructive.
First signatories of the International Initiative:
Máiréad Maguire (Nobel Price Award, Northern Ireland), Dario Fo (Director, Writer, Actor, Nobel Literature Price Award, Italy), Adolfo Perez Esquivel (Nobel Literature Price Award, Argentine), Jose Ramos-Horta (Peace Nobel Price Award, East-Timor), José Saramago (Nobel Literature Price Award, Portugal), Danielle Mitterrand (President, Donation France Liberté, France), Ramsey Clark (Lawyer, former Attorney General, USA), Uri Avnery (Former Member of Knesset, Gush Shalom (Peace Bloc), Israel), Prof. Dr. Noam Chomsky (Linguist, Writer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA), Alain Lipietz (Member of the European Parliament, France), Pedro Marset Carpos (Member of the European Parliament, Spain), Mrs. Jean Lambert (Member of the European Parliament, GB), Lord Avebury (Chairman, Parliamentary Human Rights Group, House of Lords, GB), Harry Cohen (Member of Parliament, Labour Party, GB), Cynog Dafis (Member of Parliament, Plaid Cymru, GB), Lord Raymond Hylton (House of Lords, GB), Lord Rea (House of Lords, Great Britain), Walid Jumblat (President, Socialist Progressive Party, Lebanon), Rudi Vis (Member of Parliament, Labour Party, GB), Paul Flynn (Member of Parliament, Labour Party, Great Britain), Máiréad Keane (Director, International Department, Sinn Fein, Northern Ireland), Domenico Gallo (Lawyer, former senator (CI), member of Magistratura Democratica, Italy), Livio Pepino (Lawyer, President of Magistratura Democratica, Italy), Xabier Arzalluz (President, PNV (Basque Nationalist Party), Tony Benn (Member of Parliament, Labour Party, GB), Giovanni Palombarini (Lawyer, former president of Magistratura Democratica, Italy), Heidi Ambrosch (Vice-president and Women Speaker, Communist Party of Austria), Mag. Walter Baier (President, Communist Party of Austria), Giana Nanini (Artist, Italy), Geraldine Chaplin (Actress, Madrid, Spain), Dietrich Kittner, (Humorist, Writer, Cabarettist, Germany), David MacDowall, (Writer, GB), Alice Walker, (Writer, USA), Franca Rame, (Actress, Director, Writer, Italy), Prof. Dr. Jean Ziegler (Member of the Swiss National Council, Publisher, Switzerland), Dr. Diether Dehm (Vice President, PDS, Germany), Prof. Dr. Angela Davis (University of California, Santa Cruz, USA), Prof. Dr. Luigi Ferraioli (Philosophy and Law Professor, Italy), Prof. Dr. Uwe Jens Heuer (Law Professor, Berlin, Germany), Prof. Dr. Wolf-Dieter Narr (Comittee for Fundamental Rights and Democracy, Germany), Prof. Dr. Werner Ruf (International Law Professor, Kassel University, Germany), Prof. Dr. Norman Paech (International Law Professor, Hamburg School of Economy and Politics, Germany), Prof. Dr. Gerhard Stuby (International Law Professor, Bremen University, Germany), Prof. Dr. h.c. Ronald Mönch (Chair of Bremen Highschool, Germany), Prof. Dr. Elmar Altvater (President, International Lelio Basso Donation for the rights of the peoples, Germany), Prof. Dr. Helmut Dahmer (Sociology Professor, Darmstadt Technical University, Germany), Prof. Jürgen Waller (Chair of School of Arts, Bremen, Germany), Christine Blower (Former President, National Union of Teachers (NUT), Great Britain), Ken Cameron (General Secretary, Fire Brigades Union (FBU), GB), Josep Lluis Carod Rouira (President ERC, Barcelona, Spain), Michael Feeny (Adviser of Cardinal Hume in refugee affaires, GB), Gareth Peirce (Lawyer, Great Britain Frances Webber, Barrister, GB), Norbert Mattes (Information Project Near und Middle East, Germany), Yayla Mönch-Buçak (Oldenburg University, Germany), Dr. Mamoud Osman (Kurdish Politician, Great Britain), Jutta Bauer (Book Illustrator, Germany), Günther Schwarberg (Journalist, Germany), Hans Branscheidt (medico international / Appell von Hannover), Germany, Rolf Becker (Actor, IG Medien (Media Union), Germany)